Canada will host an “urgent” meeting of the Lima Group to discuss the political crisis in Venezuela, the Canadian foreign minister, Chrystia Freeland, announced Monday.
The group, which includes Canada and 13 Latin American countries, will convene on February 4 in Ottawa to discuss how to support opposition leader Juan Guiado, who declared himself interim leader of Venezuela despite disputed President Nicolas Maduro’s victory in 2018 elections that were widely boycotted and believed to have been rigged.
Guaido has called for demonstrations for two days this week in his latest bid to bring the country’s military to his side and away from Maduro.
First, Guaido called on Venezuelans to mount a peaceful, two-hour, midday protest Wednesday “to demand that the armed forces side with the people.”
Guaido also asked his supporters to be “in every corner” of the nation and around the globe and take to the streets this coming Saturday, a move that coincides with a European Union deadline for announcing a new election.
Guaido is offering amnesty to soldiers who back democracy and reject the current Maduro government.
“We are waiting for you, the soldiers of Venezuela. We are waiting for you and the commitment you have to our constitution,” Guaido said at a Sunday news conference.
Opposition followers — some shouting, “Soldier friend, you’re the only one missing” — handed out leaflets describing the amnesty plans at military and police posts.
Maduro maintained Sunday that the military is on his side as he watched military exercises using Russian-built rocket-propelled grenades and anti-aircraft machine guns.
“Nobody respects the weak, cowards, traitors. In this world, what’s respected are the brave, the courageous, power,” Maduro said as he watched bullets from the Russian artillery pound a hillside.
Maduro said he wants peace, but also announced more military games for February. He says they will be “the most important in the history of Venezuela.”
Also Sunday, Maduro rejected an ultimatum from a number of European countries that he hold new elections within eight days, or they will formally recognize Guaido as president.
“They should withdraw this ultimatum. No one can give us an ultimatum,” Maduro told CNN’s Turkish network.
The United States has condemned the Venezuelan election, in which Maduro won another term, as a charade that was neither free nor fair.
Two weeks after he was inaugurated for a second term this month, Venezuela’s opposition-controlled National Assembly declared Maduro’s presidency illegitimate. Guaido, the National Assembly leader, invoked the constitution and declared himself interim leader pending a new election.
The United States and many Latin countries recognize Guaido as president.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo told members of the U.N. Security Council Saturday to “pick a side” in Venezuela. He called the Maduro government an “illegitimate Mafia state” and criticized countries that support him, including Russia, China, Iran and Cuba.
Maduro has backed down on his order to shut down the U.S. embassy in Caracas and the expulsion of all U.S. diplomats.
Pompeo, however, warned Maduro not to “test the United States on our resolve to protect our people.”
National Security Advisor John Bolton tweeted another warning to Maduro against intimidating Guaido or the National Assembly, saying it would be “a grave assault on the rule of law and will be met with a significant response.”
Pope Francis Sunday called for a “just and peaceful solution” that respects human rights in Venezuela. He spoke as he was wrapping up a visit to Panama.
The collapse of world energy prices, corruption and failed socialist policies have created an economic and humanitarian crisis in oil-rich Venezuela.
Food, fuel and medicine are in extremely short supply. Inflation is out of control. Millions of Venezuelans have fled the country, and Maduro has shown little tolerance for opposition-led protests
Maduro has blamed his country’s woes on the United States, which he accuses of working with the opposition to topple the government.
He has called world leaders who want him gone “Trump sycophants.”
(VOA’s Margaret Besheer contributed to this story.)