According to a new study published on Tuesday, Dec. 28, in the journal Frontiers in Medicine, the mummy of a famous Egyptian pharaoh has been digitally opened for the first time in 3,000 years.
A team of experts utilized CT scanning to digitally open up the body of Amenhotep I to discover what he looked like when he was alive.
Robbers had harmed the Pharaoh’s body, according to scholars.
“The CT images show the extent of damage of the mummy of Amenhotep I that involved neck fractures and decapitation, a large defect in the anterior abdominal wall, and disarticulation of the extremities,” Sahar Saleem, a radiology professor at Cairo University’s faculty of medicine, wrote in her article.
Priests then placed the mummy in the mausoleum around the time of the 21st dynasty (circa 1070 BC to 945 BC).
According to the researchers, the priests fixed the mummy by reattaching the missing limbs. They also used turpentine to keep the mummy’s parts together and rewrapped them in new bandages.
The cause of the Pharaoh’s death is unknown. But, according to study co-author Sahar Saleem, underneath the layers were 30 amulets and “a unique golden girdle with gold beads.”
“We show that at least for Amenhotep I, the priests of the 21st dynasty lovingly repaired the injuries inflicted by the tomb robbers, restored the mummy to its former glory, and preserved the magnificent jewelry and amulets in place,” Saleem said according to LiveScience.
During the 18th dynasty, the Pharaoh ruled from around 1525 BC to 1504 BC. He was 5.5 feet (169 cm) tall when he died at 35. He was circumcised and had good teeth, according to the experts.
In 1881, a team of researchers led by French Egyptologist Gaston Maspero discovered Amenhotep’s mummy in a tomb on the west bank of Thebes (present-day Luxor) and many other mummies.
“This fact that Amenhotep I’s mummy had never been unwrapped in modern times gave us a unique opportunity: not just to study how he had originally been mummified and buried, but also how he had been treated and reburied twice, centuries after his death, by High Priests of Amun,” Saleem added according to LiveScience.