India and Japan established a 10-year military alliance, thus countering the threat of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in the Indo-Pacific area.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, the signed Sept. 10 agreement lays out the exchange of supplies and services among their armed forces, according to the Times of India.

India increases its military alliances; previously it signed similar pacts with the United States, France, Australia, South Korea, and Singapore, to share logistics, ships, and warplanes of their respective armies.

“India is negotiating similar pacts with the UK and Russia. The Russian one should be inked later this year. We don’t have the intention or the wherewithal to establish overseas bases like China is doing far and wide” a senior official said Sept. 10, cited the Times of India.

The new pact with Japan also strengthens the Quad military alliance linking India, Russia, Australia, and Japan in the face of the threat posed by CCP expansionism in the Indo-Pacific region.

The sovereignty of both countries is attacked by the ambitions of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Tokyo protests against Chinese ships near the Senkaku Islands, a group of uninhabited islands controlled by the Japanese, but which the CCP claims for itself in the East China Sea.

India, in turn, has been harassed by the CCP in the Himalayas in Ladakh, where they fought in June, leaving 20 Indian soldiers dead, and an unknown number of Chinese soldiers also dead, some estimates place it at 34.

The territorial expansionism of the CCP in the Indo-Pacific region and in the South China Sea also harms countries like Vietnam, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Australia.

Australia rejected the claims of the CCP in the South China Sea, based on controversial arguments.

“There is no legal basis for China to draw straight baselines connecting the outermost points of maritime features or ‘island groups’ in the South China Sea, including around the ‘Four Sha’ or ‘continental’ or ‘outlying’ archipelagos,” Australian representative to the U.N. Mitchell Fiffield wrote in a “note verbale” on July 23, according to Reuters. A “note verbale” is a diplomatic written in the third person and never signed.

The CCP claims 90 percent of potentially energy-rich waters, ignoring the rights of countries such as Malaysia, Brunei, Vietnam, the Philippines, and Taiwan, which also defends its interests.

U.S. Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, declared that the CCP’s claim was illegal.

“Beijing’s claims to offshore resources across most of the South China Sea are completely unlawful, as is its campaign of bullying to control them,” Pompeo said in a July 13 press release.

The CCP’s attacks on the sovereignty of U.S. allies in the area required a U.S. military presence. Increasingly, the CCP harassed and intimidated the harmed countries to take resources.