Ecuador: new quota law for president

Ecuador may have new restrictions on electing a president.

The Ecuadorian Parliament on Dec. 3, reformed the Code of Democracy that requires that the presidential two term period be composed of a man and a woman.

It is now up to President Lenin Moreno to decide whether to enact or veto the law.

The contentious law aroused controversy among those who argue that under the slogan of "equality," candidates would be chosen according to their sex and not their ability, which violates the principle of equality and restricts the right of voters.

In addition, the reform establishes that 50% of the lists must be headed by women until 2025.

The United States and Mexico work against cartels

On Dec. 5, the Mexican government and U.S. Attorney General William Barr met to address the problem of Mexican cartels.

Mexican President Andres Lopez Obrador and other senior officials participated in the meeting.

 López Obrador told a press conference that bilateral cooperation and the publication of a final document are being worked on.

 Tensions over the cartels intensified last month when three U.S.-Mexican women and six children were massacred in northern Mexico.

President Donald Trump said in late November that he would designate Mexican drug cartels as foreign terrorist organizations.

In this way, measures such as freezing assets and deportations could be implemented, although the United States would not have the authority to conduct military operations in Mexico..

Bolivia: Interim President Jeanine Áñez will not be a candidate

President Jeanine Áñez “is not going to be a candidate” for president of Bolivia in the next elections, warned the interim minister of the presidency, Yerko Núñez.

In addition, the minister said that the government of Áñez is only a transition to those elections and that the transitional executive "will not support any candidate.”

A consensual law between the government and the opposition annulled the elections of October 20 to initiate an urgent process toward new elections.

Although there is still no definitive date, the new elections are expected to be held at the beginning of 2020.

Brazil gives refuge to 21,432 Venezuelans in one day

Brazil has granted refuge for over 21,000 Venezuelans in a single day.

In a massive and unprecedented decision, Jair Bolsonaro's government granted refuge on Thursday to 21,432 Venezuelans who entered Brazil fleeing the economic, political, and social crisis in their country.

 The decision was made possible by a decree by which Brazil classified Venezuela as a country in a situation of "serious and widespread violation of human rights."

This makes it easier for migrants claiming such status to seek refuge.

Bernardo Laferté, spokesman for the National Committee for Refugees of the Ministry of Justice and Social Security defined it as "a historical framework in terms of migratory regularization."