Fernández wins the elections in Argentina

Leftist Alberto Fernandez became Argentina's president-elect in the first round on Sunday after winning more than 45 percent of the vote.

Fernández, whose second in command is Cristina Kirchner, will take office on Dec. 10.

Mauricio Macri, who came in second with more than 40 percent, invited his rival to an orderly and smooth transition.

Nicolás Maduro, Evo Morales accused of manipulating elections in Bolivia, and former Brazilian President Lula Da Silva jailed for corruption, congratulated Fernández on his victory.

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro pointed out that Argentina made the wrong choice, and Fernández even defended such a corrupt official as former President Lula Da Silva.

Second-round election in Uruguay

Uruguay will have to elect its president in a second-round election on Nov. 24, because none of the candidates reached 50 percent of the vote.

Daniel Martínez, of the Frente Amplio, who obtained 39.2 percent of the votes, said he would form an alliance with other political forces to secure the second round.

Meanwhile, Luis Lacalle Pou, of the center-right National Party—which garnered 28.6 percent—will have the support of the Colorado Party, which obtained 12 percent of the votes.

The ballot boxes will decide at the end of the year whether Uruguay will continue with the leftist model it has governed for 15 years or whether it will turn to the right.

The chosen candidate will take office on March 1, 2020, for five years.

U.S. calls for a fair runoff in Bolivia

The United States urged Evo Morales to secure a credible and transparent second round of elections.

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo pointed out that the Bolivian people have the right to elect their leaders in free and fair elections.

He also joined other countries in the region and the OAS in demanding an accurate review of the votes cast a week ago.

The petition followed a controversial scrutiny that in an unexpected and unusual turn of events gave victory to President Evo Morales amid accusations of fraud.

Venezuelans flee the country in droves

Venezuela's continue to flee the country in mass numbers.

The U.N. Refugee Agency (UNHCR) reported that in the last four months, the number of Venezuelans who fled the country has grown rapidly, exceeding half a million.

The organization reported that 164,000 emigrated in June, 145,000 in July, 110,000 in August, and 180,000 in September.

This adds up to a total of more than 595,000 new emigrants in just 120 days, in addition to the 4.5 million Venezuelans already outside the country.

Analysts pointed out that inflation in Venezuela under the Chávez regime could reach 200,000 percent by the end of the year, and unemployment could approach 50 percent.