According to studies from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), there are many reasons for plane crashes. One of them could be the variations in the weight and balance of the plane.
Why are weight and balance significant?
The Federal Aviation Administration explained that maintaining flight with an overloaded or poorly balanced aircraft needs more power and consumes more fuel, severely compromising the aircraft’s stability and controllability.
Therefore, some measures can be applied to prevent this situation.
The operator may require passengers to declare weight and baggage information. The weight of the person to be counted can be reasonably guaranteed by adding 10 pounds to the flyers’ stated weight to allow for clothing.
However, this method may not be correct if the passenger declares dishonestly. The operator, therefore, needs to have a backup plan when the passenger may miscalculate their mass.
Use average data
It is also possible to use average data of passenger weight.
A document from the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) gives mean passenger weights by season, purpose, and gender. A male business traveler in the winter, for example, weighs 88.4 kilograms, while a male leisure traveler in the summer weighs 81.6 kilograms.
When a large number of particularly heavy passengers fly together, weight estimates based on averages would be less precise. The consistency of averaging can be influenced by changes in the general population over time.
Weigh passengers and luggage
The most reliable data for aircraft weight will come from weighing passengers and their luggage.
One possible measure proposed by the Federal Aviation Administration is to weigh both passengers and their baggage for more accurate calculations.
While this may make some passengers uncomfortable or uncooperative, this request needs to be taken early and seriously for the safety of the entire flight.
Information from weighing people and baggage should be processed in a way that protects the privacy of passengers.
Thankfully, travelers can opt-out of “participating in any passenger or baggage weight survey,” according to the guidelines.