Republicans appeared set to sweep Florida’s top offices early Wednesday as Ron DeSantis won the governor race, Gov. Rick Scott claimed victory over incumbent U.S. Sen. Bill Nelson and the party won two of three cabinet races and led in the third.
Democrats, meanwhile, flipped two Republican seats in Congress while losing none they currently hold, helping their party’s push to reclaim a majority in the House.
Voters also passed 11 of 12 proposed amendments to the state constitution. They restored the right of most felons to cast ballots, banned greyhound racing starting in 2021, banned offshore oil drilling and banned vaping in most workplaces.
Here’s a look at the races.
DeSantis defeated Democratic Tallahassee Mayor Andrew Gillum to win one of the most-watched governor races in the country.
The former congressman had trailed in almost every poll leading up to Election Day, but he parlayed President Donald Trump’s strong endorsement in both August’s Republican primary and the general election to pull off an upset. Scott could not seek re-election because of term limits.
Gillum had been trying to become the state’s first African-American governor and the first Democrat elected to the office since 1994.
DeSantis began the race as a relative unknown but built his name recognition with more than 100 appearances on Fox News, then won the primary over Agriculture Commissioner Adam Putnam by 20 points. Gillum shocked political observers by winning the Democratic primary in a crowded field.
DeSantis accused Gillum of corruption and being a failed mayor. Trump visited Florida twice in the final six days of the election to help build his support.
Gillum rarely mentioned DeSantis while promising to expand health care, protect the environment and raise corporate taxes to boost education spending. Former President Barack Obama and Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders campaigned for him in the final week before the election.
Republican Gov. Rick Scott declared victory over three-term Democratic Sen. Bill Nelson, likely ending the political career of one of Florida’s longest serving officeholders. The Associated Press had not yet called the race. Scott’s lead was less than a percentage point.
Scott’s apparent win is a minor upset, as he was trailing in most polls leading up to Election Day. The wealthy former hospital executive, who entered politics as part of the 2010 tea party movement, poured $60 million of his own money into the race.
Nelson was a congressman from 1979 to 1991. From 1995 to 2001, he served in state government before his Senate election in 2000.
It’s was a largely negative campaign, with Scott depicting Nelson as a confused, empty-suit politician who has achieved little in his time in Washington. Nelson has criticized Scott as an untrustworthy Trump supporter who has used the governor’s office to increase his wealth. His supporters also hit Scott for the state’s environmental problems, calling his “Red Tide Rick” for the deadly algae that has killed millions of fish off the Florida coasts.
Republican Ashley Moody defeated Democratic state Rep. Sean Shaw, keeping the state’s top law enforcement position in Republican hands.
Moody is a former judge and federal prosecutor from the Tampa area who has criticized Shaw’s lack of experience in the courtroom. Shaw would be Florida’s first black attorney general. He is the son of the late state Supreme Court Justice Leander Shaw. He campaigned as a consumer advocate and called for new gun restrictions.
Moody will replace Pam Bondi, who could not seek re-election because of term limits. Democrats last won the attorney general’s race in 1998.
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Republican Chief Financial Officer Jimmy Patronis defeated former Democratic Sen. Jeremy Ring, keeping the office he was appointed to fill when Jeff Atwater resigned last year.
Patronis served eight years in the state House and was a member of the board that regulates the state’s utilities when Scott appointed him the state’s top finance official in June 2017.
Ring is a former Yahoo executive from Broward County. He served in the state Senate from 2006 to 2016.
Republican state Rep. Matt Caldwell narrowly led Democratic lobbyist and lawyer Nikki Fried with nearly all votes counted in the race to replace departing Agriculture Commissioner Adam Putnam. The race could be headed to a recount as Caldwell’s lead was just below the 0.5 percent margin needed to avoid one.
Caldwell is a real estate appraiser and seventh generation Floridian who served as chairman of the House Government Accountability Committee. He served eight years in the House.
Fried based a large part of her campaign advocating for the medical marijuana industry and criticizing the state’s implementation of a constitutional amendment approved by voters allowing its use. Fried would be the first woman elected as Florida agriculture commissioner.
Putnam could not seek re-election because of term limits.
Democrats captured two Republican seats in Miami, flipping the District 27 seat now held by Republican Ileana Ros-Lehtinen. Democrat Donna Shalala, who served as President Bill Clinton’s Health and Human Services secretary and as University of Miami president, defeated Republican Maria Elvira Salazar. Salazar is a television journalist who worked for Spanish language networks.
Meanwhile in District 26, Democrat Debbie Mucarsel-Powell defeated Republican U.S Rep. Carlos Curbelo. Mucarsel-Powell has worked for several nonprofit organizations in Miami-Dade County.
— Republican businessman and former Army Lt. Col. Michael Waltz in District 6 defeated Democrat Nancy Soderberg, a former United Nations ambassador and member of Bill Clinton’s National Security Council. He will replace DeSantis, who resigned after winning the Republican gubernatorial primary.
— Republican state Rep. Ross Spano defeated Democrat Kristen Carlson for the District 15 seat held by retiring Rep. Dennis Ross. Carlson is a former prosecutor who also served as the general counsel for the Florida Department of Citrus.
— Republican state Sen. Greg Steube defeated Democrat Allen Ellison for retiring Tom Rooney’s District 17 seat. Ellison replaced April Freeman on the ballot when she died after winning the primary.
— Democratic first-term U.S. Rep. Stephanie Murphy defeated Republican state Rep. Mike Miller in District 7.
— Freshman Republican U.S. Rep. Brian Mast defeated Democrat Lauren Baer, who was a senior adviser to Secretaries of State Hillary Clinton and John Kerry.
—Eight-term Republican U.S. Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart defeated Democratic former judge Mary Barzee Flores.
Florida voters passed bans on greyhound racing, offshore oil drilling, using electronic cigarettes in most businesses and made it more difficult for casino gambling to expand and taxes to be increased. The 12 constitutional amendments required 60 percent to pass and all but Amendment 1 passed. They number 1-7 and 9-13 after the state Supreme Court removed Amendment 8 from the ballot.
Amendment 13 banned dog racing in Florida by 2021. That’s a blow to the industry that’s been dwindling over the past two decades. Only five other states have active dog racing.
Amendment 4 could have a long-lasting impact on the state’s politics as most felons who complete their sentences will now have their voting rights automatically restored. It does not apply to murderers and rapists. More than 1.5 million ex-felons couldn’t vote in Florida, and critics of the state’s felon voting ban say it disproportionally affects minority voters who tend to support Democrats.
Here are the remaining ballot questions:
— Amendment 1 was the only measure that failed. It would have increased the state’s property tax homestead exemption from $50,000 to as much as $75,000 on homes worth more than $100,000. It was just below the 60 percent threshold.
— Amendment 2 passed. It will permanently keep in place a 10 percent cap on property tax assessments for commercial and rental properties that is current law, but is set to expire next year.
Amendment 3 easily passed. It will require statewide voter approval to expand casino gambling in Florida, taking control out of the hands of the Legislature.
— Amendment 5 passed. It will require a two-thirds majority vote before the Legislature could increase taxes or fees.
— Amendment 6 passed, providing additional rights to crime victims and would raise the mandatory retirement age for judges from 70 to 75.
— Amendment 7 passed. It will require a supermajority vote before state university boards of trustees can raise fees. It will also pay death benefits, including help with education expenses, to the survivors of first responders who die on the job.
— Amendment 9 passed. It prohibits oil drilling in state waters and ban vaping in work places where smoking is already prohibited.
— Amendment 10 passed. It will require the state to create an Office of Domestic Security and Counter-Terrorism and maintain a Department of Veterans Affairs, which already exists. It also sets the start of the annual legislative session to January instead of March in even-numbered years and requires counties to elect a sheriff, tax collector, property appraiser, elections supervisor and circuit court clerk.
— Amendment 11 easily passed. It allows the Legislature to make some changes to criminal laws retroactive. It would also repeal language in the constitution that’s now considered obsolete.
— Amendment 12 passed. It bans elected officials, agency heads, judges and others from paid lobbying while serving and for six years after leaving office instead of the current two.
Source: The Associated Press