Florida in 2018 saw a horrific school shooting, a devastating hurricane that ravaged parts of the state’s Panhandle region, and a contentious election that dragged on for weeks.

The shooting sent reverberations through the nation, in schools across the country and in the halls of power.

In February, 17 students and staff were gunned down at Marjorie Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland. The entire world watched as the students who survived organized marches, gave rousing speeches and appeared in countless media interviews, all on the topic of gun control.

“If us students have learned anything, it’s that if you don’t study, you will fail,” said Parkland student Emma Gonzalez during a rally in Fort Lauderdale just days after the shooting. “And in this case if you actively do nothing, people continually end up dead, so it’s time to start doing something.”

In November, Archbishop Desmond Tutu gave their student organization, March For Our Lives, the International Children’s Peace Prize .

The shooting also changed state policy in ways that had been previously unthinkable in Florida’s gun lobby-friendly Legislature. Three weeks after the attack, Gov. Rick Scott signed a bill that raised the minimum age to buy rifles from 18 to 21, extended a three-day waiting period for handgun purchases to include long guns and bans bump stocks, and created a so-called guardian program enabling some teachers and other school employees to carry guns.

Survivors had wanted a ban on assault-style weapons, like the ones the gunman used during the massacre. But the bill didn’t go that far. Still, the National Rifle Association fought back with a lawsuit, saying the measure “punishes law-abiding gun owners for the criminal acts of a deranged individual.”

The other devastating event in the state came in October, when Hurricane Michael slammed into the Florida Panhandle , killing at least 43 people. It all but wiped the small community of Mexico Beach off the map , and caused massive damage in Panama City and at Tyndall Air Force Base.

Michael was the strongest storm on record ever to hit the Panhandle, and it upended every aspect of life in the Panama City area, from schools to businesses to traffic and electricity. Many people still haven’t recovered. Earlier this month, it was announced that one of Panama City’s two hospitals would lay off 800 people because it was unable to reopen parts of the building due to storm damage, and the city’s largest mall has closed, also due to damage sustained in the storm.

Another disaster also hit Florida’s Gulf communities in 2018, but it was slow moving and spread up the coast over the summer. A massive, naturally occurring red tide bloom began in Naples and eventually drifted north. It killed hundreds of tons of fish, and communities along the coast scrambled to clear the normally pristine beaches from the stinking mess. The red tide also reached the state’s Atlantic coast, which is unusual.

In addition to the red tide, some communities saw a spread of blue-green algae in freshwater. Heavy rains in the Spring caused Lake Okeechobee to discharge water containing the goo-like algae into rivers and canals. The bright green sludge oozed onto docks and into rivers and canals.

Both types of algae threatened to affect the state’s tourism industry, which scrambled to reassure visitors that many parts of Florida were algae-free.

One of Florida’s major stories centered around politics. Tallahassee Mayor Andrew Gillum became the state’s first black gubernatorial nominee when he won the Democratic primary in August. He faced former Congressman Ron DeSantis, a Republican. The U.S. Senate race was a bruiser, too, with Republican Gov. Rick Scott up against sitting Democratic Sen. Bill Nelson.

Contentious races for U.S. Senate and governor were too close to call on election night . That led to a recount, which dredged up memories of the much maligned 2000 presidential election. In the end, Scott was declared the winner in the Senate race and DeSantis the winner in the governor’s race. Voters also approved two amendments of note: one allowing most felons who have served their sentences to vote (excluding sex offenders). Voters also banned greyhound racing.

Other top stories:

— In February, a Florida International University pedestrian bridge collapsed and killed six people . Two days before the collapse, an engineer with the bridge’s design firm left a voicemail for state transportation officials to report cracking had been found at one end of the concrete span, but the company didn’t think it was a safety issue. State officials didn’t hear the voicemail until after the collapse . Federal authorities are still investigating.

— In October, prominent Democratic officials, CNN’s Manhattan offices and others who have been critical of President Donald Trump were targeted with package bombs. The suspect, 56-year-old Cesar Sayoc, was from Miami-Dade County . He’s in jail while awaiting trial and faces nearly 50 years in prison if convicted on five federal charges, which were filed in New York.

— In June, a popular young rapper was killed in Fort Lauderdale . Four men are accused of killing XXXTentacion (ex-ex-ex-ten-ta-see-YAWN). The 20-year-old rap star, whose real name was Jahseh Onfroy, was fatally shot multiple times as he left a motorcycle dealership.

FILE- In this Feb. 14, 2018, file photo, parents wait for news after a reports of a shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Fla. (AP Photo/Joel Auerbach, File)
FILE- In this Feb. 14, 2018, file photo, parents wait for news after a reports of a shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Fla. (AP Photo/Joel Auerbach, File)
FILE - In this Feb. 14, 2018, file photo, students are evacuated by police from Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Fla. (Mike Stocker/South Florida Sun-Sentinel via AP)
FILE – In this Feb. 14, 2018, file photo, students are evacuated by police from Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Fla. (Mike Stocker/South Florida Sun-Sentinel via AP)
FILE - In this Oct. 12, 2018, file photo, debris from Hurricane Michael is scattered over Mexico Beach, Fla. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert, File)
FILE – In this Oct. 12, 2018, file photo, debris from Hurricane Michael is scattered over Mexico Beach, Fla. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert, File)
FILE - In this Oct. 17, 2018, file photo, Lanie Eden and her husband Ron stand in the destroyed vacation home they rented every year as they look for their possessions in the aftermath of Hurricane Michael in Mexico Beach, Fla. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert, File)
FILE – In this Oct. 17, 2018, file photo, Lanie Eden and her husband Ron stand in the destroyed vacation home they rented every year as they look for their possessions in the aftermath of Hurricane Michael in Mexico Beach, Fla. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert, File)
FILE - In this Nov. 6, 2018, file photo, Florida Gov.-elect Ron DeSantis, second from left, thanks supporters with his wife, Casey, left, Lt. (AP Photo/Phelan M. Ebenhack, File)
FILE – In this Nov. 6, 2018, file photo, Florida Gov.-elect Ron DeSantis, second from left, thanks supporters with his wife, Casey, left, Lt. (AP Photo/Phelan M. Ebenhack, File)
FILE- In this Nov. 3, 2018, file photo President Donald Trump stands behind Florida Gov. Rick Scott as he speaks at a rally in Pensacola, Fla. (AP Photo/Butch Dill, File)
FILE- In this Nov. 3, 2018, file photo President Donald Trump stands behind Florida Gov. Rick Scott as he speaks at a rally in Pensacola, Fla. (AP Photo/Butch Dill, File)
FILE - In this Nov. 6, 2018, file photo, Florida Democratic gubernatorial candidate Andrew Gillum gives his concession speech as he is joined on stage by his wife R. (AP Photo/Chris O'Meara, File)
FILE – In this Nov. 6, 2018, file photo, Florida Democratic gubernatorial candidate Andrew Gillum gives his concession speech as he is joined on stage by his wife R. (AP Photo/Chris O’Meara, File)
FILE- In this Nov. 7, 2018, file photo, Republican Senate candidate Rick Scott kisses his wife Ann as he speaks to supporters at an election watch party, in Naples, Fla. (AP Photo/Wilfredo Lee, File)
FILE- In this Nov. 7, 2018, file photo, Republican Senate candidate Rick Scott kisses his wife Ann as he speaks to supporters at an election watch party, in Naples, Fla. (AP Photo/Wilfredo Lee, File)
FILE- In this Nov. 16, 2018, file photo, workers at the Broward County Supervisor of Elections office show Republican and Democrat observers ballots during a hand recount, in Lauderhill, Fla. (AP Photo/Wilfredo Lee, File)
FILE- In this Nov. 16, 2018, file photo, workers at the Broward County Supervisor of Elections office show Republican and Democrat observers ballots during a hand recount, in Lauderhill, Fla. (AP Photo/Wilfredo Lee, File)
FILE- In this Aug. 6, 2018, file photo, a dead Snook lies along the water's edge in Bradenton Beach, Fla. (AP Photo/Chris O'Meara, File)
FILE- In this Aug. 6, 2018, file photo, a dead Snook lies along the water’s edge in Bradenton Beach, Fla. (AP Photo/Chris O’Meara, File)
FILE- In this March 15, 2018, file photo, emergency personnel respond after a brand-new pedestrian bridge collapsed onto a highway at Florida International University in Miami. (Pedro Portal/Miami Herald via AP)
FILE- In this March 15, 2018, file photo, emergency personnel respond after a brand-new pedestrian bridge collapsed onto a highway at Florida International University in Miami. (Pedro Portal/Miami Herald via AP)
FILE- In this Feb. 21, 2018, file photo, students chant protest slogans outside the Florida House of Representatives chamber inside the Florida Capitol in Tallahassee, Fla. (AP Photo/Mark Wallheiser, File)
FILE- In this Feb. 21, 2018, file photo, students chant protest slogans outside the Florida House of Representatives chamber inside the Florida Capitol in Tallahassee, Fla. (AP Photo/Mark Wallheiser, File)
FILE - In this Oct. 15, 2018, file photo, Lorrainda Smith, sits with her two-day-old son, Luke, as she contemplates with her husband Wilmer Capps, right, sleeping in their truck in a parking lot after their home was damaged from Hurricane Michael and they were told a nearby shelter was closed, in Panama City, Fla. (AP Photo/David Goldman, File)
FILE – In this Oct. 15, 2018, file photo, Lorrainda Smith, sits with her two-day-old son, Luke, as she contemplates with her husband Wilmer Capps, right, sleeping in their truck in a parking lot after their home was damaged from Hurricane Michael and they were told a nearby shelter was closed, in Panama City, Fla. (AP Photo/David Goldman, File)

Source: The Associated Press