The Trump administration announced that it will invest more than $1 billion in quantum institutes and artificial intelligence (AI) to technologically support economic development and national security.

Parallel to AI, work will be done on quantum information science (QIS), 5G Internet communications, and other related emerging technologies, the U.S. Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) reported through the White House on Aug. 26.

“It is absolutely imperative the United States continues to lead the world in AI and quantum,” said U.S. Director of Technology Michael Kratsios, according to The Wall Street Journal.

He added, “The future of American economic prosperity and national security will be shaped by how we invest, research, develop, and deploy these cutting edge technologies today.”

The Trump administration thus increased the budget for non-defense projects by 30 percent by 2021. Applications will focus on precision agriculture, weather forecasting, and other priority areas in addition to defense.

AI refers to the intelligence that is incorporated into machines, multiplying their efficiency in carrying out specific tasks.

The scientific programs that will be developed with this budget will be created by 12 new institutions distributed throughout the country, and several universities explained Kratsios, and the assistant to the president and deputy chief of staff for policy coordination, Chris Liddell.

Also participating will be the universities of Oklahoma; Texas at Austin; Colorado; Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; California, Davis; and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

As well as Argonne National Laboratory, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Fermilab, Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratories of the Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Department of Energy (DOE) are also participating.

Some of the centers will be run by DOE’s National Laboratory at Argonne, Brookhaven, Fermi, Oak Ridge, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratories.

Representatives from the federal government, industry, and academia will collaborate at each of these institutions.

The areas of science to be developed will be quantum computing, analog quantum simulation, quantum communication, quantum sensing, and microscopy, which are expected to create tools, equipment, and instrumentation that go beyond what was previously imagined.

At present, in addition to the United States, those who invest most in the world in these areas of science are the European Union and the institutions dependent on the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).