The founder of anti-secrecy group WikiLeaks, Julian Assange, is wanted by prosecutors in two countries – the United States and Sweden – and he is currently imprisoned in a third – Britain. The tug-of-war stems from different alleged criminal acts. This is how Assange ended up with legal woes on multiple fronts:

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WHAT IS ASSANGE’S LEGAL STATUS?

Vice chief prosecutor Eva-Britt speaks at a press conference in Stockholm, Sweden, Monday May 13, 2019. (Anders Wiklund/TT News Agency via AP)
Vice chief prosecutor Eva-Britt speaks at a press conference in Stockholm, Sweden, Monday May 13, 2019. (Anders Wiklund/TT News Agency via AP)

The 47-year-old Assange is locked up at Belmarsh Prison on the outskirts of London serving a 50-week sentence for jumping bail in Britain. But his legal problems do not stop there. U.S. prosecutors want him brought to the United States to face charges of allegedly conspiring with former Army intelligence analyst Chelsea Manning to hack into a Pentagon computer system. Swedish prosecutors said Monday they are reviving a rape investigation of Assange and will also seek his extradition.

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WHY IS SWEDEN’S RAPE INQUIRY ACTIVE AGAIN?

Chinese artist Ai Weiwei, left, demonstrates with protestors against a possible extradition of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange to the USA in front of the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, Germany, Thursday, May 2, 2019. (Wolfgang Kumm/dpa via AP)
Chinese artist Ai Weiwei, left, demonstrates with protestors against a possible extradition of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange to the USA in front of the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, Germany, Thursday, May 2, 2019. (Wolfgang Kumm/dpa via AP)

Swedish officials started investigating in 2010 and dropped the case in 2017 because Assange had avoided extradition by obtaining political asylum inside the Ecuadorian Embassy in London, making it difficult for prosecutors to move the case forward. Ecuador’s government withdrew his political protection in April and British police arrested Assange at the embassy hours later. Swedish officials now believe they can extradite Assange to Sweden for questioning and a possible trial.

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WHICH COUNTRY WILL GET ASSANGE FIRST?

Assange supporters block a major roadway in front of Westminster Magistrates Court in London, Thursday, May 2, 2019. (AP Photo/Frank Augstein)
Assange supporters block a major roadway in front of Westminster Magistrates Court in London, Thursday, May 2, 2019. (AP Photo/Frank Augstein)

That’s not clear yet. Sweden hasn’t yet made a formal extradition request. It will be up to a British court — and ultimately, Britain’s home secretary, a senior Cabinet official who has the government’s final say on extradition matters — to determine which claim takes priority. British officials will consider several factors, including the seriousness of the charges and the order in which the requests were received, when deciding which case takes precedence. Some British lawmakers argue that Sweden’s claim must receive top priority, but the decision is not up to Parliament.

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HOW WILL THE COURT DECIDE WHETHER TO GRANT THE EXTRADITION REQUESTS?

FILE - In this Wednesday May 1, 2019 file photo WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange being taken from court, where he appeared on charges of jumping British bail seven years ago, in London. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham, File)
FILE – In this Wednesday May 1, 2019 file photo WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange being taken from court, where he appeared on charges of jumping British bail seven years ago, in London. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham, File)

The extradition proceeding will not be an evaluation of the evidence against Assange. Instead, the British judge will focus on whether the offenses he is accused of would be a crime in Britain along with other factors, including human rights considerations and how long it’s been since the illegal acts allegedly took place. British courts will not extradite a person who could be sentenced to death for an alleged crime, but that won’t be a factor in this case unless additional charges are filed since the U.S. charge carries a maximum prison term of five years and Sweden does not impose capital punishment.

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ISN’T ASSANGE’S WORK PROTECTED BY THE FIRST AMENDMENT?

US actress Pamela Anderson leaves Belmarsh Prison in south-east London, after visiting WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, Tuesday May 7, 2019. (Gareth Fuller/PA via AP)
US actress Pamela Anderson leaves Belmarsh Prison in south-east London, after visiting WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, Tuesday May 7, 2019. (Gareth Fuller/PA via AP)

A grand jury indicted Assange on a charge of conspiracy to commit computer intrusion. If the case goes to trial, U.S. officials are expected to argue the alleged plot with Manning to break into a classified Pentagon computer system threatened national security and was not directly related to his publishing activities. Assange’s defense lawyers are likely to claim his actions were those of a legitimate journalist dealing with a source and are thus protected by the First Amendment.

A supporter of Julian Assange, with a poster of the WikiLeaks founder, joins other protesters to block a major road in front of Westminster Magistrates Court in London, Thursday, May 2, 2019. (AP Photo/Frank Augstein)
A supporter of Julian Assange, with a poster of the WikiLeaks founder, joins other protesters to block a major road in front of Westminster Magistrates Court in London, Thursday, May 2, 2019. (AP Photo/Frank Augstein)
Elisabeth Massi Fritz, the lawyer representing a woman who alleges that she was raped by Julian Assange, holds a press conference in Stockholm, Sweden, Monday May 13, 2019. (Fredrik Sandberg/TT via AP)
Elisabeth Massi Fritz, the lawyer representing a woman who alleges that she was raped by Julian Assange, holds a press conference in Stockholm, Sweden, Monday May 13, 2019. (Fredrik Sandberg/TT via AP)
FILE - In this file photo dated Friday, Feb. 5, 2016, Wikileaks founder Julian Assange steps onto the balcony of the Ecuadorean Embassy in London, preparing to address supporters and the media. (AP Photo/Kirsty Wigglesworth, File)
FILE – In this file photo dated Friday, Feb. 5, 2016, Wikileaks founder Julian Assange steps onto the balcony of the Ecuadorean Embassy in London, preparing to address supporters and the media. (AP Photo/Kirsty Wigglesworth, File)

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