The president of Haiti, Jovenel Moïse, died after a brutal shooting attack on him and his wife, the first lady, Martine Moïse. The latter survived after being hospitalized.

The news of the assassination was released by the interim Prime Minister, Claude Joseph, who described it as a “hateful, inhuman and barbaric act,” according to ABC News of July 7. 

He also assured that public order in the country was under control, with the support of the authorities, including the National Police. The events occurred at the president’s residence during the night of July 6-7. 

The identity of the attackers, who managed to flee, is unknown. Joseph only added that some of them spoke Spanish. It should be clarified that the official language of Haiti is French, while in the adjacent Dominican Republic, it is Spanish. 

Moïse had been ruling the country since 2018, after assuming power by decree, without the established popular election and without the duration of his administration having been determined either.

Various sectors of the country considered his mandate as illegitimate, and during the time he was in power, seven officials passed through the office of prime minister. The current Prime Minister, Joseph, could be replaced this week, after three months in office, according to France 24.  

Moïse supported a constitutional reform that strengthened executive power, which the opposition and many civil society organizations rejected.

On the other hand, the national constitution contains a clause prescribing: “any popular consultation aimed at modifying the Constitution by referendum is formally prohibited.” 

Haiti is the poorest country in Latin America, and violence and crime are widespread. It has also been devastated by natural disasters. 

Political management has not been very fortunate for its population. Between 1971 and 1986, it was governed by Jean-Claude Duvalier, “Baby Doc,” who at the age of 19 succeeded his father, François “Papa Doc” Duvalier, as president for life of Haiti.

In 1986, he had to flee the country, but his “anti-communist” stance won him the full support of the United States and international entities, so that he abounded in money and luxuries during his regime and in exile, according to Independent. 

Accounts of his time in power are full of terrible stories of exploitation and mistreatment of his people, mainly by those around him. 

On the other hand, administrative decay and natural disasters were conducive to abuses by some international organizations such as OXFAM, expelled from the country in 2018. 

OXFAM caused serious and continuous sexual crimes against minors, starring both the management team and its employees.

OXFAM was one of the humanitarian missions deployed in the Caribbean republic after the devastating earthquake of January 2010—which, according to official figures, registered 220,000 deaths, 300,000 injured, and 1,500,000 victims.

In these circumstances, OXFAM directors and officials, taking advantage of their position of power and the extreme need of the survivors, financed depraved and sadistic “Caligula-like orgies” in which they forced children to participate, calling them “barbecues of young flesh,” reported The Times.

Likewise, corruption is another cause of Haiti’s impoverishment. A 2019 Senate investigation noted that at least 14 former government officials allegedly embezzled $3.8 billion during the administration of former President Michel Martelly.