The climate in China has been abnormal for many years. This year, there was a drought during the flood season of the Yangtze (扬子) river, but many rivers in the Xinjiang desert flooded.
In previous years, this was the Yangtze’s flood season. However, according to a report by mainland media on August 12, the water level of the mainstream of the Yangtze, Dongting Lake, and Poyang Lake was 15 to 19 feet (4.7 to 5.7 meters) lower than in the same period in previous years, which were the lowest on record. There is a serious shortage of water in small reservoirs in some areas.
As a result, six provinces and cities, Anhui, Jiangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Chongqing, and Sichuan, located in the Yangtze basin, have experienced drought conditions, with about 160,000 acres or 9.67 million mu of cultivated land affected, and 830,000 people have a water supply crisis.
Since July, rainfall in the Yangtze basin has decreased by 40% compared to the same period in previous years, and some areas have had no effective rainfall for more than 20 consecutive days; most areas have more than 15 days of high temperatures, and some areas in the middle and lower reaches of the basin have had more than 25 days of scorching temperatures.
The drought in the Yangtze has caused the Three Gorges Dam project that once again it will encounter public criticism. Chinese netizens said that when it is dry downstream, authorities store water; when downstream is overflowing, they discharge floodwaters. And the promise of 8-cent of electricity has yet to be realized.
While the Yangtze River is dry, large-scale flooding has occurred in the desert areas of Xinjiang.
According to the CCP’s Ministry of Water Resources, from August 9 to August 11, affected by rain and high-temperature causing snowmelt, the mainstream of the Tarim River in Xinjiang and its tributaries, the Yerqiang River, the Aksu River, and the Weigan River, 21 rivers experienced floods above the warning flow rate. At 12 o’clock on August 12, the Arar River, the mainstream of the Tarim River, and the Yingbaza to Usman River section were still on-alert, and the Xinjiang Department of Water Resources had upgraded the flood warning to Level IV.
Last year, a major flood swept through the Tianshan Mountains of Luntai County, Xinjiang, due to heavy rains and snowmelt. It flooded Sinopec’s oil fields and seriously impacted oil production and exploration operations. The entire Taklamakan Desert was soaked, roughly 74,000 acres or more than 300 square kilometers.