A U.S. official said the U.S. could add biotechnology and Artificial Intelligence (AI) algorithms to the ban list of export items to China. The U.S. is also convincing its allies to follow suit.

These new moves add to the recent chip ban earlier this month. According to the ban, the U.S. stopped sending advanced computer chips, chip-making equipment, and other related products to China because Beijing allegedly used them to make advanced weapons and surveillance systems, severely threatening U.S. national security.

Alan F. Estevez oversees U.S. export controls and is the under-secretary of Commerce for Industry and Security. He joined an event at the Center for a New American Security, a Washington-based think tank, on Thursday, October 27. In the event, he talked about how the U.S. would enforce the latest chip ban on China to the fullest extent and punish violating companies with civil and even criminal penalties.

During the talk, he was asked if the U.S. would put more controls on related fields other than chips, including quantum information science, biotechnology, AI software, or advanced algorithms. The under-secretary said he would discuss this issue with his staff at the weekly meeting.

Estevez, the chief technology protection officer of the United States, said that the government is persuading its allies to follow its lead. Those include the Netherlands, Japan, South Korea, Israel, and the United Kingdom.

The under-secretary of Commerce for Industry and Security said American allies knew the national security threat that China might pose. Still, they are hesitant to break off important commerce with China. So when the U.S. announced its export bans earlier this month, it was the only country to do so.

However, Estevez also said a ban deal might be done soon. At the next meeting of the Trade and Technology Council, a forum set up by the U.S. and the EU to tackle global trade and technology challenges, this issue will be brought up. The council will meet in the U.S. before the end of the year.

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