China has continued its series of extreme weather. China’s national weather service has sent out its first-ever simultaneous warnings about high temperatures and cold waves. According to the forecast, the highest temperature in some parts of southern China on Monday, October 3, was over 40 °C (104 °F). In contrast, in most of the central and eastern parts of the country, the temperature dropped down. In some places, it went down by more than 18 °C or over 32 °F.

On Monday, China’s national weather service sent out a yellow alert for high temperatures and a blue alert for a cold wave. It’s the consecutive day the country has registered scorching and frigid waves, raising concerns about climate extremes.

Sultry North

According to China’s national weather service, on October 3, high temperatures were recorded between 35°C and 36°C in southern Henan, Anhui, most of Jiangsu, most of Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, most of Zhejiang, Fujian, south Chongqing, northeastern Guizhou, northeastern Guangxi, central and northern Guangdong, and other places.

Additionally, the temperature is between 37°C and 39°C in southern Henan, central and south Anhui, southwestern Jiangsu, east and central Hubei, central and eastern Hunan, Jiangxi, west and central Zhejiang, Fujian, and northeastern Guangdong. It can get above 40°C in some areas.

It’s been hot in China for three months. Many records have been broken because temperatures in hundreds of places exceed 40°C (104°F). 

It is China’s longest and worst heat wave in about 60 years. According to Maximiliano Herrera, a weather historian, this is the world’s most severe heat wave recorded anywhere. 

He said: “This combines the most extreme intensity with the most extreme length with an incredibly huge area simultaneously.

“There is nothing in world climatic history which is even minimally comparable to what is happening in China.”

As heat reaches the extreme, rivers are draining en masse. Sixty-six rivers have been drying up completely.

Freezing South

According to the cold wave blue alert sent out the same day, the temperature dropped by 8°C to 12°C or by 14.4 °F to 21.6 °F from Monday morning to Thursday evening, October 6. 

In central and southeastern Inner Mongolia and northeast China, most of Shaanxi, northern and southern Shanxi, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Huanghuai, Jianghuai, central and north Hunan, northern Jiangxi, south Anhui, southern Jiangsu, northern Zhejiang, temperatures cooled by 12°C–16°C (21.6 °F to 28.8 °F). 
The temperature may drop more than 18°C or 32.4 °F in northeastern Jilin, southern Henan, Hubei, central and northern Anhui, northwestern Jiangsu, and northern Hunan.

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