On Tuesday, Feb. 8, BBC reported that they had obtained an internal Nepalese government report accusing China of encroaching on Nepalese territory along the border between the two countries.

It was the first time official Nepalese claimed that China had occupied its territory. The border between Nepal and China, spanning nearly 870 miles long, was determined through a series of treaties signed by the two countries in the early 1960s. China is carrying out actions and occupying hectares of land in different Nepalese areas.

The Nepal government report dated September 2021 accused China of invading the Humla region of western Nepal and building Chinese buildings on the Nepalese side. The Nepalese government then sent a working group composed of police and officials to the local area to investigate.

The working group found Chinese buildings believed to be built inside Nepal land; China restricted Nepalese farmers from grazing; they kept adding fences deep into Nepal land. They also made a canal and roads to change the landscape.

The task force’s report also said that surveillance by Chinese security forces restricted religious activities in an area on the Nepalese side called Lalungjong. This place was initially a draw for pilgrims because of its proximity to Mount Kailash, a sacred place for Hindus and Buddhists.

The BBC reported that it was unclear why the Nepalese government had not released the report. The report’s conclusions could put pressure on Nepal’s growing ties with China.

After the report leaked, Nepal’s communications minister, Gyanendra Bahadur Karki, said at a news conference that any border issues with neighboring countries would be resolved through diplomatic channels.

Karki said this kind of problem should not arise, and the Nepalese government always worked hard to prevent the problem.

The BBC added it was unclear what China’s motives were for tightening control over the China-Nepal border area, but border security could be one of the reasons.

In the past, some pilgrims and business people would cross the Nepal-China border privately, but China gradually restricted such cross-border activities.

Analysts said that the Chinese authorities might be wary of regional rival India, “worrying about the infiltration of foreign forces,” it may also be concerned that Tibetans are fleeing through Nepal.

Over the years, under the oppression of Beijing’s repressive policies, large numbers of Tibetans have fled. About 20,000 Tibetan refugees live in Nepal, while others travel to India and elsewhere. The Chinese government has tried to cut off such escape routes.

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