According to an article published by the Chinese Communist Party’s official media, the Third National Land Survey data shows that the arable land in the Chengdu Plain has decreased by 40% in 10 years. The once-serious problem of the use of arable land now become a headline.
China’s Sichuan province is located in the Sichuan basin, where the natural condition is suitable for growing grain crops. Places like the Chengdu Plain used to be known as the breadbasket of Tianfu. But the latest survey shows that its arable land area has been reduced significantly in a decade.
The report pointed out that a traditional rural village in the Chengdu Plain found that most of the village’s 217 ha of arable land has been converted into flower and seedling farming. Even though the government encourages flower growers to seek alternative land and return to grain growing, they refuse as growing flowers and seedling is more profitable than grain farming.
In addition, some parts of the Chengdu Plain arable land are heavily planted with citrus. Farmers pointed out that fruit tree growing is also more profitable than grain farming.
Unused land is also a major problem. Chengdu Bureau of China’s National Natural Resources Inspection found that multiple real estate development projects have been abandoned in Chengdu.
In addition to lost arable land, China also might face many serious food security problems.
Last month, according to Bloomberg, as the spring planting season began, Chinese grain farmers faced several difficulties, putting the country’s ability to secure enough grains for this year under pressure.
Soaring fertilizer and fuel costs hit the growers in Northeast China.
Besides, strict COVID curbs in lockdown areas also prevented them from buying supplies, plowing their fields, and seeding crops.
Moreover, some farmers could not return to their hometowns to work due to the pandemic.