Beijing’s communist doctrine, “one country, two systems,” was implemented in 1997 in Hong Kong after the agreement with the United Kingdom and took off with the approval of the amendment to the “Fugitive Offenders (Extradition) Ordinance” of 2019.
However, the anti-extradition movement generated against this regulation was the pinnacle of Hong Kong’s civil society. It was born in the struggle against Lee Ka-Chiu, then Secretary for Security, and imposed by the Communist Party (CCP).
In 2007, the Central Committee in Beijing had manufactured a semblance of a “democratic showcase” for the city by approving “universal citizen suffrage” in the 2017 chief executive election.
But, on June 10, 2014, the Chinese State Council claimed that the universal citizen suffrage ordinance was a rampant violation of the Basic Law (“one country, two systems” status), so Beijing arrogated to itself the right to elect the city’s chief executive.
To this end, the CCP got rid of the Democratic members of the Legislative Council in 2016. After that, Decision 831 went into effect, allowing for the dismantling of Hong Kong’s political parties and civil society.
Then, in the legislative elections of May 8, 2022, Beijing enthroned the former policeman, Lee Ka-Chiu, in the Legislative Council. For this, he used 1416 eligible voters out of the total of 1461 in the city, surpassing even the 82.26 % reached in 2007 by the liberal Donald Tsang.
The increase of the Electoral Committee quotas, from 800 to 1500 communist spies, has turned the once democratic elections into mere votes and freedoms into state permits.
The National Security Law (NSL) in Hong Kong guarantees communist totalitarianism.
On June 30, 2021, an Amnesty International report on the violation of human rights in Hong Kong placed the NSL among the fundamental tools to punish freedom in the once-British city.
According to Yamini Mishra, the NGO’s regional director for Asia-Pacific, the NSL, in force since June 30, 2020, “has turned Hong Kong into a police state and created a human rights emergency,” she added, “and citizens should think twice about what they say and tweet.
Hong Kong citizens suffer from fear because of the CCP’s policies
A U.S. Congressional Special Committee on China, after interviewing 42 people, including journalists, lawyers, former councilors, and former members of the Legislative Council, published a 66-page report entitled “Hong Kong’s Civil Society, from Open City to City of Fear,” which shows the dissolution of a democratic society.
In 2004, Hong Kong civil society had empowered 710,000 citizens; however, by 2019, during the anti-extradition movement, Beijing’s political police had 10,000 of these leaders behind bars.
Pan Jiawei, a professor at the Institute of Comparative Law of Japan’s Meiji University, said: “The NSL is the end of Hong Kong civil society, because the CCP interprets it as a life and death struggle against Western infiltration.”
This ideological construct has subdued Hong Kong’s free society and suppressed freedom of expression through censorship and the closure of its news media, such as Apple Daily and Stand News.
Likewise, the CCP controls professional organizations through its Organizational Councils, permits and qualification requirements; thus, 15 prosecutors were made visible by Amnesty International for issuing sentences against dissidents.
Religious freedom does not escape communist persecution either; for this reason, a bipartisan resolution of the United States Senate condemned the arrest of Cardinal Chen Rijun and six others accused for the trust of a charitable fund, which the CCP mentions as a “foreign agent.”
The lawlessness in Hong Kong is such that Article 27 of the Basic Law (“one country, two systems” status) is violated by the National Security Law itself.
And this is why a Hong Kong professor, afraid to identify himself, said: “Hong Kong has gone from being an open society to one in which people live in fear.”