China is facing a difficult situation with floods in the south and drought in the north this summer.

South China has been hit by heavy rainfall since early May. As a result, numerous floods occurred and reservoirs are in danger of flooding in many places including Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian.

In contrast to the south, the north is experiencing hot weather. The temperature in Hebei, Henan, and Shandong has reached more than 40 ℃ (104° F).

Floods in the south

 The National Climate Center announced data that showed from May 1 to June 15, and there have been multiple bouts of heavy rain in the south. Among them, the average precipitation in the three provinces of Fujian, Guangdong, and Guangxi reached 621 mm(about 24 inches), the highest in the same period since 1961.

Since May, there have been ten heavy rainfalls spreading over a large area in South China with the characteristics of long duration and heavy precipitation. 

Affected by persistent and widespread heavy rains, in South China, Jiangnan flooded in many places. 117 rivers in the Pearl River exceeded the flood warning level.

According to statistics from public reports, the recent heavy rainfall caused secondary disasters such as landslides, mudslides, and severe floods. The lives of residents in related regions were affected, homes submerged and crops were destroyed, with many deaths and missing persons.

Authorities warned that in South China and Jiangnan, the recent record-breaking rains would continue into next week, posing a significant danger of natural disasters occurring.

North regions experience droughts.

According to Xinhua, China’s Central Weather Station continued to issue a high-temperature orange warning at 06:00 on June 19. It’s expected that during the day on June 19, western and south-central North China will experience high temperatures above 35 ℃ (° F). Northeastern Henan, western Shandong, and other places are expected to reach more than 40 ℃ (104° F) .’

Recently, the temperature in Zhengzhou, Xuchang, Xinxiang, Kaifeng, and other places exceeded 40℃ (104° F). On June 17, the surface temperature in some areas of Xuchang, Henan, exceeded 60°C (140° F).

The video uploaded by netizens shows that the concrete road slabs buckle and arch up due to the hot weather. Henan’s article said walking on the road in the afternoon feels like being in the “air fryer.”

According to CCTV news reports, this round of high-temperature weather in Henan lasted four days. The Henan Provincial Meteorological Observatory said that on June 17, a total of 10 stations in Henan Province had the highest temperature greater than or equal to 40 ℃ (104° F), and 72 stations had the highest temperature of 38- 40 ℃ (100- 104° F). The maximum surface temperature of 92 stations in the province exceeded 60℃ (140° F), and the surface temperature of Xixia Station reached 74.1℃ (165° F), which is the highest in the province.

Besides, Zhengzhou City requires the cessation of open-air outdoor work from 14:00 to17:00, except for special industries. Students should avoid prolonged outdoor exposure and strenuous exercise. Many vehicles could be affected by high temperatures, causing spontaneous combustion, explosions, and other accidents.

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