Beijing’s sweeping anti-graft campaign has brought down many corrupt officials. Among them, one case stands out.

From a modest background, Lu Enguang rose to become the head of the ministry’s political affairs department in 2015. According to the South China Morning Post, he was only a commoner who once sold school drawing items to students back in the 1990s.

The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) laid eyes on his grafting activities a year later. As the probe progressed, the agency discovered that nearly everything about his profile was fabricated.

The CCDI’s statement said that his age, family members, education, employment background, and application documents for joining the party were all falsified. Hence, this gives Lu’s case a catch name, the “Five False Official.”

According to Xinhua News Agency, Lu has seven children, but only two of them are officially identified. The other five children have all been placed in different relatives’ homes via forged documents, and they were not allowed to call him ‘father’ at home.

His resume claimed that he acquired bachelor’s, master’s, and doctorate degrees. But as the investigation uncovered, he had barely finished high school.

Lu was born in 1958, but on paper, he was seven years younger, which gave him an age advantage in the selection of cadres.

Even his Enguang name was not real either. The word Enguang means “thankful to parents and honoring ancestors.” His real name is Lu Fangquan 卢方全.

Lu’s rise to glory also highlighted how official positions and honorary titles could easily be commercialized. Lu was accused of using bribery to achieve his high-ranking official status. According to state media CCTV, more than 20 officials were linked to his political ascension.

In the beginning, Lu was inspired to join the party in 1992 when he saw the words “Secretary of the Company’s Party Committee” on a person’s business card in his hometown. But joining the party could take him up to two years, so he cut corners by paying 5,000 yuan, over $750, to a local official.

Then, Lu started gaining promotions by falsifying documents to give himself credentials as a civil servant.

From March 2001 to June 2007, Lu participated in the preparatory team to establish the Huaxia Cultural Publishing Group.

He was able to “purchase” increasingly prominent posts at the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security from 2007 forward, first as a deputy head of general office and subsequently as a deputy director of the labor monitoring bureau. In 2009, he worked his way into the position of deputy director of the Ministry of Justice’s political department, where he was in charge of the ministry’s personnel affairs.

Besides bribery, Lu behaved almost like a domestic servant for the ministry’s unidentified top official. This eventually gave him the leverage to the ministerial-level official at the Ministry of Justice in 2015.

During his tenure, Lu also received nearly 8 million yuan, $1.2 million, as bribery from a handful of officials and businesses.

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