China’s leader Xi Jinping called for food security and put forward multiple ideas to increase food production capacity. Many Chinese governments have issued directives to increase farming land.
According to China Daily, Xi Jinping said last year that it was important to ensure farming land protection and a level of food production in major grain production areas and other areas.
Many local governments pushed for the use of farming land.
As reported by Sound of Hope, some regions have begun to use concrete land, laying soil on the road to plant rice seedlings.
According to the Liubei District official website, 71 plots of forest land, garden land, and other non-cultivated land were converted to farmland, with about 92 mu (6.13 hectares) of cultivated land restored.
The Chinese government boosts food production because there is a real problem with it.
Earlier this month, Xi also emphasized the priority of implementing its rural revitalization strategy, ensuring the domestic supply of important agricultural products, and focusing on improving comprehensive agricultural production capacity. This is in line with China’s No1 Central Document released in 2021.
The UN Food and Agriculture Organization noted that losses of grain crops in Russia and Ukraine have led to an increased likelihood of shortages in the international grain and oil trade markets.
According to the UN FAO, “This is especially true for some fifty countries that depend on Russia and Ukraine for 30% or more of their wheat supply. Many of them are least developed countries or low-income, food-deficit countries in Northern Africa, Asia, and the Near East. Many European and Central Asian countries rely on Russia for over 50% of their fertilizer supply, and shortages there could extend to next year.”
China imports many soybeans, corn, wheat, and other products from abroad annually.
Hebei Grain and Material reported in February that Ukraine’s most important sunflower oil and corn importer is China. Last year, China imported 8.24 million tons of corn from Ukraine, which accounted for 29.07% of the total and was mainly used for feed processing.
According to the Food Sustainability Index report, China was ranked 33rd out of 78 countries in overall food sustainability. However, China was close to the bottom of the index in the agricultural sustainability category at 74th.
Over the past several decades, China has increasingly run a food trade deficit. Between 2003 and 2017, China’s food imports grew from just $14 billion to $104.6 billion. Food exports nearly tripled from $20.2 billion to $59.6 billion over the same period.