President Joe Biden signed the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) into law on Dec. 27. The bill authorized nearly $770 billion in defense spending for the fiscal year 2022 to cope with challenges from Russia and the Chinese Communist Party.

The NDAA provides $740 billion to the Department of Defense, or $25 billion more than the initial request. It includes a 2.7% pay raise for the troops, more spending on aircraft and Navy ships, and methods for coping with geopolitical concerns, particularly from Russia and China, according to Da Ji Yuan.

This bill contains several provisions to strengthen the U.S. military forces in response to the CCP’s military challenges, including the allocation of $7.1 billion for the “Pacific Deterrence Initiative” and the adoption of several specific measures to enhance Taiwan’s defense capabilities.

The Pacific Deterrence Initiative (PDI) established in the NDAA 2021 is to enhance budgetary transparency and oversight, and to focus resources on key military capabilities to deter China. The initiative will also reassure U.S. allies and partners, and send a strong signal to the Chinese Communist Party that the American people are committed to defending U.S. interests in the Indo-Pacific region.

The NDAA requires the Department of Defense to prohibit the purchase of any products produced by forced labor in Xinjiang, China.

In a statement on Dec. 15, Sen. Jack Reed said that the bill helped address a broad range of pressing issues, from the strategic competition with China and Russia, to disruptive technologies like hypersonics, AI and quantum computing, to modernizing U.S ships, aircraft and vehicles.

The new defense spending law also requires establishing a confidential overall government strategy on how the U.S. should respond to the CCP. 

Sen. Mitt Romney said the bill is one of the most important pieces of legislation the U.S. lawmakers have taken up this year as it requires the United States to develop a unified, strategic approach to confront China’s growing aggression and dissuade the CCP from pursuing a predatory path around the world.

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